Java Interview Questions Threads

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Java Interview Questions Threads

Top Java Interview Questions on Threads

Java Interview Questions Threads

In a Java interview, questions about threads are commonly asked to assess a candidate's understanding of concurrent programming concepts. These questions may cover topics such as synchronization, thread communication, deadlock prevention, and thread safety in Java programs. Candidates are often expected to explain the use of Java's built-in mechanisms like synchronized blocks, locks, and wait/notify methods to ensure proper thread coordination and data consistency in multi-threaded environments. Additionally, knowledge of common pitfalls like race conditions and how to mitigate them is essential, along with familiarity with advanced topics such as thread pooling and Executor framework. Overall, a strong grasp of thread-related concepts in Java is crucial for navigating the challenges of writing efficient and reliable concurrent applications.

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1 - What are threads in Java?

Threads in Java refer to lightweight sub processes within a single process that enable concurrent execution. They allow a program to perform multiple tasks simultaneously and efficiently utilize the processing power of the system. 

2) What is the difference between process and thread?

A process in Java is a self contained execution environment that runs independently, while a thread is considered as a subset of a process that executes within the process.

3) How can you create a thread in Java?

In Java, you can create a thread by extending the Thread class or implementing the Runnable interface. Extending the Thread class involves overriding the run() method, while implementing the Runnable interface requires implementing the run() method defined in the interface.

4) What is the difference between extending Thread class and implementing Runnable interface to create a thread?

Extending the Thread class limits the ability to extend any other class, while implementing the Runnable interface allows you to extend other classes. Therefore, using the Runnable interface is considered a better approach for creating a thread in Java.

5) How can you start a thread in Java?

To start a thread in Java, you can call the start() method on the thread object. This method is responsible for the execution of the run() method that contains the code to be executed by the thread.

6) What are the states of a thread in Java?

In Java, a thread can be in one of the following states: new, runnable, blocked, waiting, timed waiting, terminated. These states depict the various stages a thread goes through during its life cycle.

7) What is synchronization in Java threads?

Synchronization in Java threads is a mechanism used to control access to shared resources by multiple threads. It prevents simultaneous access to the shared resource, ensuring data consistency and avoiding race conditions.

8) How can you achieve thread safety in Java?

Thread safety in Java can be achieved by using synchronization, volatile keyword, or using thread safe data structures from the java.util.concurrent package. Synchronization ensures that only one thread can access a resource at a time, while volatile keyword ensures visibility of changes to other threads.

9) What is deadlock in Java threads?

Deadlock in Java threads occurs when two or more threads are waiting for each other to release resources that they need, resulting in a situation where none of the threads can progress further. Deadlocks can lead to a system hang or unresponsive behavior.

10) How can you prevent deadlock in Java threads?

To prevent deadlock in Java threads, you can follow best practices such as avoiding nested locks, maintaining a fixed order when obtaining multiple locks, using timeouts and interruption mechanisms, and ensuring proper resource allocation and deallocation. By following these practices, you can minimize the chances of encountering deadlock situations in your Java applications.

 

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