Sap Abap Interview Questions And Answers

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Sap Abap Interview Questions And Answers

SAP ABAP Interview Questions and Answers

Sap Abap Interview Questions And Answers

In an SAP ABAP interview, candidates may be asked a variety of questions to assess their knowledge of ABAP programming language, software development best practices, and understanding of SAP systems. Common questions may include topics such as data types, ABAP objects, debugging techniques, SAP modules integration, error handling, performance optimization, and transaction processing. It is important for candidates to demonstrate their ability to write efficient code, troubleshoot issues effectively, and work collaboratively within an SAP environment. Providing clear and concise answers that showcase both theoretical understanding and practical experience will help candidates stand out in an SAP ABAP interview.

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1 - What is BDC (Batch Data Communication) in SAP ABAP? 

Batch Data Communication (BDC) is a process to transfer data from non SAP systems (usually legacy systems) to SAP systems. It involves recording the transaction and replaying it in the target system using batch input sessions or call transaction methods.

2) Explain the different types of BDC in SAP ABAP.

There are two types of BDC in SAP ABAP:

  Standard BDC: Used for data transfer from one legacy system to SAP through batch input sessions.

  Call Transaction BDC: Used for automatic recording of SAP transactions to process data.

3) What is an ABAP Data Dictionary?

ABAP Data Dictionary is a central repository where all data definitions (like tables, views, data elements, domains, etc.) are stored. It helps in defining and managing the metadata of SAP applications.

4) What are field symbols in SAP ABAP?

Field symbols are placeholders or symbolic names that point to the data object at run time. They are dynamic, pointing to any variable or data in memory during program execution.

5) Explain the difference between ‘INCLUDE’ and ‘EXTEND’ in SAP ABAP.

INCLUDE is used to insert the source code of a program or function module into another program, while EXTEND is used to add new fields or components to a structure, table, or class without changing its original definition.

6) What is ABAP OO (Object Oriented) programming?

ABAP Object Oriented programming is a programming model based on classes and objects, enabling encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism. This approach enhances code reusability and maintainability in SAP applications.

7) Describe the concept of ALV (ABAP List Viewer).

ALV is a set of function modules and methods in SAP ABAP that facilitate the display of data in tabular form with various formatting options like colors, totals, sorting, and subtotaling.

8) How can you debug a program in SAP ABAP?

You can debug a program in SAP ABAP by setting breakpoints, using the debugger tool (like /h for background debugging), and stepping through the code line by line to analyze the flow and values of variables.

9) What is a BADI (Business Add In) in SAP ABAP?

BADI is an enhancement technique in SAP ABAP that allows you to add additional functionalities to standard SAP applications without modifying the original code. It provides a standardized way to enhance the functionality of SAP applications.

10) Explain the concept of ALV grid and ALV list in SAP ABAP.

ALV grid is a powerful tool for displaying data in a tabular format with rich features like editable cells, column resizing, filtering, and more. On the other hand, ALV list is used for displaying data in a non editable tabular form with basic features.

 

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