Oracle Performance Tuning Interview Questions

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Oracle Performance Tuning Interview Questions

Mastering Oracle Performance Tuning: Interview Questions and Answers

Oracle Performance Tuning Interview Questions

Oracle performance tuning interview questions are designed to evaluate a candidate's knowledge and understanding of how to optimize and improve the performance of an Oracle database. These questions may cover topics such as indexing, query optimization, database design, server configuration, and troubleshooting. Employers may also ask about the candidate's experience with performance monitoring, tuning tools, and best practices for maintaining optimal database performance. The answers to these questions can help determine a candidate's proficiency in identifying and resolving performance issues, as well as their overall understanding of Oracle database performance.

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1 - What is performance tuning in Oracle?

Performance tuning in Oracle involves improving the performance of the database system by optimizing it for efficient and fast data access, retrieval and manipulation.

2) What are the steps involved in performance tuning?

The steps involved in performance tuning include identification of the performance issue, investigation of the cause, analyzing the system, implementing solutions, and monitoring the performance after the changes.

3) What are the important elements to consider in performance tuning?

Some of the important elements to consider in performance tuning include database design, indexing, query optimization, memory optimization, server configuration, and hardware resources.

4) How does indexing help in performance tuning?

Indexing helps in performance tuning by providing a faster access path to the data. It allows for quick retrieval of data without having to scan the entire table.

5) What are the different types of indexing in Oracle?

The different types of indexing in Oracle include B tree index, Bitmap index, Function based index, and Reverse key index.

6) How can one optimize SQL queries for better performance?

SQL queries can be optimized by avoiding unnecessary joins and using proper data types, reducing the number of records retrieved and using the EXPLAIN PLAN command to analyze the query execution plan.

7) What is the purpose of using the EXPLAIN PLAN command in Oracle?

The EXPLAIN PLAN command helps to analyze the query execution plan, giving insight into how Oracle will execute the SQL query and providing information on the cost of each step involved in the execution.

8) How does memory optimization contribute to performance tuning?

Memory optimization involves configuring Oracle's memory parameters, which can greatly impact the performance of the database. By allocating the appropriate amount of memory, the database can operate more efficiently and reduce the need for disk I/O operations.

9) What is the role of server configuration in performance tuning?

Server configuration involves optimizing the hardware resources and settings in the database server to ensure that it is capable of supporting the workload and performing at an optimal level.

10) How can one monitor the performance of Oracle database after implementing changes?

The performance of the Oracle database can be monitored by using tools such as Oracle Enterprise Manager and SQL Profiler. These tools provide real time monitoring of the database and help in identifying any performance issues.

11) What is Oracle Automatic Memory Management (AMM)?

Oracle AMM dynamically manages the memory allocations for Oracle, freeing up the DBA from manually configuring and tuning the SGA and PGA.

12) What are the benefits of using Oracle Automatic Storage Management (ASM)?

The benefits of using ASM include simplifying disk management, improving performance, and enabling high availability by providing automatic mirroring and stripe and mirror rebalancing.

13) How does partitioning increase performance in Oracle databases?

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Partitioning involves dividing large tables into smaller, more manageable segments, allowing for faster querying and data retrieval. This can greatly improve overall database performance.

14) How can one identify database performance issues?

Database performance issues can be identified by monitoring key performance indicators such as CPU and memory utilization, disk I/O operations, query execution time, and system wait events.

15) What are system wait events in Oracle?

System wait events are performance metrics that help identify potential bottlenecks in the database system. They measure the time spent waiting for resources such as CPU, I/O, and network operations.

16) What is the purpose of using Oracle Database Performance Analyzer (ADDM)?

ADDM is a diagnostic tool that analyzes database performance metrics and provides recommendations for tuning the database resources, including SQL statements, memory, and top wait events.

17) How can one reduce the impact of database locks on performance?

Database locks can be reduced by using appropriate lock modes, optimizing transaction management, and implementing lock awareness techniques such as row level locking.

18) What is the role of query rewriting in performance tuning?

Query rewriting involves rewriting a poorly performing SQL query into an equivalent query that executes more efficiently. It can greatly improve the performance of a database system.

19) How does using bind variables impact performance?

Using bind variables in SQL statements can improve performance by reducing the amount of parsing required, as the query with the bind variable can be reused multiple times without needing to be reparsed.

20) What are the common mistakes to avoid in performance tuning?

Some common mistakes to avoid include not gathering database statistics, over indexing, not configuring memory parameters properly, and not regularly monitoring and tuning the database.

 

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