Manual Testing Interview Question And Answer For Fresher

software testing

Manual Testing Interview Question And Answer For Fresher

Top Interview Questions and Answers for Fresher Manual Testers

Manual Testing Interview Question And Answer For Fresher

Manual testing is a process in which software applications are tested manually for defects and errors. This is typically done by following pre-defined test cases and executing them to ensure the software meets its specified requirements. As a fresher, you may be asked a variety of questions in an interview related to manual testing such as basic testing concepts, different types of testing, the testing life cycle, defect tracking, and more. It is important to have a strong understanding of these concepts and be able to provide clear and concise answers to showcase your knowledge and capabilities. Interviewers may also ask scenario-based questions to assess your problem-solving skills and your ability to think critically while testing. Preparing for common manual testing interview questions can help you showcase your expertise and stand out as a strong candidate.

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1 - What is software testing?

Software testing is a process of evaluating a software application or system to find defects, bugs, and errors in order to ensure that it meets the desired quality standards.

2) What are the different types of software testing?

Some of the common types of software testing include functional testing, performance testing, integration testing, user interface testing, and acceptance testing.

3) What is the difference between functional and non functional testing?

Functional testing is focused on testing the functionality of the software whereas non functional testing is focused on testing the performance, security, usability, and compatibility of the software.

4) What is a test case?

A test case is a set of instructions or conditions that are used to determine whether a particular feature or functionality of the software is working as expected.

5) What is the purpose of regression testing?

Regression testing is performed to ensure that any new changes or updates to the software application have not affected the existing features and functionalities.

6) What is a defect/bug?

A defect or bug is an error or flaw in the software that may cause it to behave unexpectedly or produce incorrect results.

7) What are the different levels of software testing?

The different levels of software testing include unit testing, integration testing, system testing, and acceptance testing.

8) How do you prioritize test cases?

Test cases can be prioritized based on risk, functional or business requirements, and frequency of use.

9) What is exploratory testing?

Exploratory testing is a type of testing where the tester explores and learns the software while testing it, without relying on pre written test cases.

10) Can you explain the difference between smoke and sanity testing?

Smoke testing is a quick and shallow test that ensures the software can perform its basic functions while sanity testing is a more detailed test that checks for major failures and critical functionalities.

11) What is the role of a bug tracking system?

A bug tracking system is a tool used to record and track all the reported defects in a software application, ensuring they are fixed and retested before release.

12) Can you describe the V model in software testing?

The V model is a software development and testing process that follows a sequential approach, where testing is done at every stage of the development cycle.

13) What is the purpose of a test plan?

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A test plan is a detailed document that outlines the testing strategy, objectives, resources, and schedules for a software testing project.

14) What is positive and negative testing?

Positive testing checks for expected and valid inputs while negative testing tests for unexpected and invalid inputs to validate the system's error handling capabilities.

15) What is a test environment?

A test environment is a setup of software and hardware that is designed to mimic the production environment for testing purposes.

16) How do you ensure good test coverage?

Test coverage can be ensured by developing effective test cases that cover all the functional and non functional requirements of the software application.

17) Can you explain the concept of boundary value analysis?

Boundary value analysis is a testing technique that focuses on testing the boundary values or extremes of input variables to identify defects.

18) What is regression testing and how is it useful?

Regression testing is retesting of a modified software application to ensure that the changes have not introduced any new bugs or issues.

19) What is the difference between static and dynamic testing?

Static testing is a type of testing that analyses the software code and documentation without executing it, whereas dynamic testing involves running the software to identify defects.

20) How do you handle a difficult bug that is not reproducible?

In such cases, I would try to recreate the steps leading to the bug or consult with developers, review the code, and use debugging tools to gain insights and find a solution.


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