Laravel Interview Questions

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Laravel Interview Questions

Laravel Interview Questions

Laravel is a popular PHP web framework that is used for developing large and complex web applications. In an interview for a Laravel developer position, questions may be asked about the basics of the framework, its features and functionalities, concepts such as MVC and routing, database management, security, testing, and deployment. The interviewer may also ask about the candidate's experience with Laravel, their problem-solving skills, coding standards, and their ability to integrate third-party tools and libraries. Additionally, questions may also focus on the candidate's understanding of design patterns and development best practices, as well as their ability to handle common challenges and issues in Laravel development.

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1 - What is Laravel? 

Laravel is an open source PHP web framework used for building modern and scalable web applications. It follows the Model View Controller (MVC) architectural pattern and provides a robust set of tools and features to simplify and speed up application development.

2) What is artisan in Laravel? 

Artisan is the command line interface (CLI) included with Laravel. It provides various helpful commands for creating and managing Laravel projects, generating code, running tests, and managing database migrations.

3) What is composer in Laravel? 

Composer is a dependency management tool used in Laravel. It helps in installing, updating, and managing project dependencies such as packages and libraries.

4) What are the main features of Laravel?

Some of the main features of Laravel include routing, model view controller architecture, database query builder, blade templating engine, middleware, authentication and authorization, automatic pagination, and many more. 

5) How does routing work in Laravel? 

In Laravel, routes are defined in the routes/web.php file. These routes map URLs to controller actions, which handle the request and return a response.

6) What is a controller in Laravel? 

A controller is a PHP class that handles incoming HTTP requests and returns a response. It is responsible for communicating with models and views to process and manipulate data.

7) What is a model in Laravel? 

A model in Laravel represents a database table and provides an interface for retrieving and manipulating data. It typically includes the business logic and relationships with other models.

8) How does authentication work in Laravel? 

Laravel provides built in authentication features, including user registration, login, and password reset. It uses hashed passwords and provides a middleware for protecting route access.

9) What is middleware in Laravel? 

Middleware in Laravel is a filter that sits between a request and response. It can perform tasks such as authentication, logging, and data manipulation before and after the request is processed.

10) How does the blade templating engine work in Laravel? 

Blade templating is a powerful tool in Laravel for server side rendering of dynamic web pages. It provides a simple and elegant syntax for embedding PHP code into HTML templates.

11) What is Eloquent in Laravel? 

Eloquent is an object relational mapper (ORM) included in Laravel that simplifies database query tasks. It provides a straightforward and expressive syntax to perform database operations using PHP code.

12) What are database migrations in Laravel? 

Database migrations in Laravel provide a seamless way to manage database schema changes over different environments. It uses PHP code instead of SQL queries and tracks migrations to apply or rollback changes.

13) What are events and listeners in Laravel? 

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Events and listeners in Laravel help decouple various components of an application and allow for easier implementation of event driven architecture. Events are triggered, while listeners handle the event and execute code accordingly.

14) What is Laravel Passport? 

Laravel Passport is a package that provides a complete OAuth 2.0 server implementation for Laravel applications. It allows for secure API authentication and easy integration with third party applications.

15) What are service providers in Laravel? 

Service providers in Laravel are responsible for bootstrapping various components of the framework when the application starts. They register bindings, aliases, and configuration settings for Laravel’s services.

16) How does caching work in Laravel? 

Caching in Laravel significantly improves application performance by storing frequently accessed data in a fast and efficient store, such as the file system, database, or memcached.

17) What is the homestead environment in Laravel? 

Homestead is a pre packaged virtual machine (VM) for Laravel development. It provides all the necessary software and configurations to run Laravel applications locally without having to install them individually.

18) How does testing work in Laravel? 

Laravel provides an expressive testing API and tools for writing and running tests to ensure code quality. It offers unit testing, integration testing, and browser testing using PHPUnit and Selenium.

19) What is the Laravel Community? 

The Laravel community is a large and active community of developers who contribute to the growth and improvement of the framework by providing resources, packages, tutorials, and answers to questions through various channels.

20) How does Laravel compare to other PHP frameworks? 

Compared to other PHP frameworks, Laravel offers a more modern, intuitive, and streamlined development experience. It also has a larger and more active community, making it a popular choice among developers.

 

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