10 Years Experience Java Interview Questions

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10 Years Experience Java Interview Questions

Top 10 Java Interview Questions with 10 Years Experience

10 Years Experience Java Interview Questions

In a 10 years experienced Java interview, candidates are typically expected to demonstrate a deep understanding of core Java concepts and advanced topics such as multithreading, design patterns, Java 8 features, performance optimization, memory management, and frameworks like Spring and Hibernate. They are commonly asked to solve complex coding problems, explain the intricacies of JVM internals, discuss their experience with building scalable applications, and showcase their ability to write efficient and maintainable code. Additionally, questions related to system design, algorithm complexity, and problem-solving skills are commonly included to assess the candidate's ability to handle real-world challenges. To succeed in such interviews, candidates should exhibit a strong command over Java programming, software architecture, and problem-solving techniques acquired through their extensive industry experience.

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1 - What is the difference between an abstract class and an interface in Java?

An abstract class can have both abstract and non abstract methods, whereas an interface can only have abstract methods by default. A class can implement multiple interfaces but can extend only one abstract class. Abstract classes can have constructors, while interfaces cannot. 

2) Explain the concept of inheritance in Java.

Inheritance in Java allows a class to inherit properties and behavior from another class. The class that is being inherited is known as the superclass or parent class, while the class that inherits is known as the subclass or child class. This promotes code reusability and helps in creating a hierarchical relationship between classes.

3) What is the difference between method overloading and method overriding?

Method overloading occurs within the same class where multiple methods have the same name but different parameters. Method overriding involves creating a method in a subclass with the same name and parameters as a method in its superclass, allowing the subclass to provide a specific implementation for that method.

4) How does exception handling work in Java?

Exception handling in Java is done using try, catch, finally, and throw keywords. When an exception occurs within the try block, it is caught by the catch block that matches the type of the exception. The finally block is used to execute code that must run regardless of whether an exception is thrown or not. Exceptions can also be explicitly thrown using the throw keyword.

5) What is the difference between the ‘final’, ‘finally’, and ‘finalize’ keywords in Java?

The ‘final’ keyword is used to restrict the user from changing the value, overriding a method, or inheriting from a class. The ‘finally’ block is used to execute code after the try catch block, regardless of whether an exception is thrown or not. The ‘finalize’ method is part of the Object class and is called by the garbage collector before an object is destroyed.

6) Discuss the different types of access modifiers in Java.

Java has four types of access modifiers: public, private, protected, and default (no modifier). Public allows unrestricted access to a class, method, or field. Private restricts access to within the same class. Protected allows access within the same package or by subclasses. Default (no modifier) allows access within the same package.

7) What is the difference between ‘==’, ‘equals()’, and ‘hashCode()’ methods in Java?

The ‘==’ operator is used to compare object references, checking if two objects refer to the same memory location. The ‘equals()’ method is used to compare the actual contents of two objects to determine if they are equal. The ‘hashCode()’ method returns the hash code value of an object, which is used in hash based collections like HashMap.

8) Explain the concept of multithreading in Java.

Multithreading in Java allows a program to have multiple threads executing concurrently within the same process. This enables better utilization of CPU resources and can improve performance. Threads can be created by extending the Thread class or implementing the Runnable interface.

9) What is the difference between the ‘ArrayList’ and ‘LinkedList’ classes in Java?

ArrayList is implemented as a resizable array, providing fast accessing of elements but slower insertion and deletion operations at the middle of the list. LinkedList is implemented as a doubly linked list, allowing fast insertion and deletion operations but slower access to elements in the middle of the list.

10) How does the ‘static’ keyword work in Java?

The ‘static’ keyword in Java is used to create variables and methods that belong to the class rather than to instances of the class. Static variables are shared among all instances of a class, while static methods can be called without creating an instance of the class. This keyword is also used for static blocks, which are executed when a class is loaded into memory.

 

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