Manual Testing Interview Questions For 7 Years Experience

software testing

Manual Testing Interview Questions For 7 Years Experience

Commonly Asked Manual Testing Interview Questions for Candidates with 7 Years of Experience

Manual Testing Interview Questions For 7 Years Experience

Manual testing is one of the most important aspects of software development, and it requires skilled professionals with years of experience. The interview process for manual testing positions is rigorous, and the questions asked are specifically designed to assess various skills and abilities of the candidate. For a 7-year experienced manual testing professional, the questions may be more in-depth and technical, covering topics such as test case design, test execution, defect tracking, and reporting. The interviewer may also ask about the candidate's experience with different testing techniques, tools, and methodologies. Additionally, questions about problem-solving abilities, communication skills, and teamwork may also be included to evaluate the candidate's overall suitability for the role. It is important for the candidate to be well-prepared and able to demonstrate their knowledge and expertise in manual testing during the interview.

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1 - What is the difference between smoke and sanity testing?

Smoke testing is a high level, non exhaustive test that checks if the basic functionalities of a system are working as intended. It is conducted to determine if further testing is required. On the other hand, Sanity testing is a subset of regression testing that focuses on testing the new functionalities or bug fixes added in the latest build.

Example: Imagine a software application with 100 features. After a new build is released, smoke testing checks if all 100 features are still working. Sanity testing will then test the specific new feature or bug fix addressed in the latest build.

2) What is the purpose of exploratory testing?

Exploratory testing is a type of ad hoc testing where the testers explore the application without any specific test cases or plans. The main purpose of this testing is to uncover hidden defects or issues that may not be found through scripted testing. It also helps in understanding the user perspective and identifying potential risks.

3) Can you explain the difference between verification and validation?

Verification is the process of evaluating the product at various stages of development to ensure that it meets the specified requirements. This is done through reviews, walkthroughs, and inspections. Validation, on the other hand, is the process of evaluating the final product to check if it meets the customer's expectations and performs as intended.

4) What is the entry and exit criteria in software testing?

Entry criteria states the conditions that must be fulfilled before testing can begin. This includes having the test environment set up, test data ready, and the appropriate documentation in place. Exit criteria defines the conditions that must be met for the testing to be considered complete. This includes reaching the desired test coverage, ensuring all high priority bugs are fixed, and obtaining approval from stakeholders.

5) What is the difference between functional and non functional testing?

Functional testing is focused on testing the expected behaviors and features of the software. It ensures that the system meets the specified functional requirements and performs as expected. Non functional testing, on the other hand, focuses on the non functional aspects of the system such as performance, reliability, usability, security, and compatibility.

6) Can you explain the concept of equivalence partitioning?

Equivalence partitioning is a black box testing technique that divides the input data into groups based on similar characteristics. Each group is then tested as a representative of the entire group. This reduces the number of test cases while ensuring that all possible scenarios are covered.

7) How do you handle the late requirement changes during the testing phase?

It is essential to communicate these changes to the entire team and assess the impact on testing. The team can then prioritize the changes and plan for any necessary adjustments in the testing strategy. This may involve modifying test cases, executing additional tests, and updating the test coverage.

8) What is the difference between quality assurance and quality control?

Quality assurance is a proactive approach that focuses on developing processes and procedures to ensure that the product is of high quality. Quality control, on the other hand, is a reactive approach that involves testing the product to identify defects and ensure that they are fixed before release.

9) What is regression testing and when is it performed?

Regression testing is the process of testing the existing functionalities of an application to ensure that the new changes or bug fixes have not affected the system's existing features. It is typically performed after a new build or changes have been made to the system.

10) How do you decide which testing technique or methodology to use?

The choice of testing technique or methodology depends on various factors such as project requirements, time and budget constraints, complexity of the system, and available resources. It is important to analyze these factors and choose the most appropriate approach that meets the project's needs.

11) What is UAT testing and who is responsible for it?

UAT (User Acceptance Testing) is the final stage of testing where the system is tested by the end users to determine if it meets their requirements and expectations. It is typically done in a real world environment. The end users are responsible for conducting UAT, but the testing team can also assist and provide support.

12) Can you explain the difference between static and dynamic testing?

Static testing is a form of testing that does not involve code execution. It can include activities like reviews, inspections, and walkthroughs to identify defects or ambiguities in the documents, code, or design. Dynamic testing, on the other hand, involves executing the code and evaluating its behavior during runtime.

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13) How do you prioritize test cases?

Test case prioritization is done based on the criticality of the feature, business requirements, frequency of use, and areas of the system that are prone to defects. High risk and high priority functionalities should be tested first to ensure that critical issues are identified and addressed early on.

14) What is defect leakage and how do you prevent it?

Defect leakage occurs when a defect that was previously reported and fixed reappears in the production version of the software. To prevent this, it is essential to conduct thorough testing and perform regression testing after every change to ensure that all previous defects have been addressed. It is also important to have a good defect tracking and management process in place.

15) How do you handle tight deadlines in testing?

It is crucial to communicate the limitations and risks involved in meeting a tight deadline to the stakeholders. The team can prioritize testing and focus on the most critical functionalities to ensure they are thoroughly tested. Automation and exploratory testing can also help in reducing the time taken for testing. It is important to continuously communicate with the team to track progress and meet the deadline efficiently.

 

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